Dialysis Dementia: A Review

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Hussein A. Algahtani https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9484-9838
Mohammed W. Al-Rabia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1578-1810


Dialysis dementia, Encephalopathy, Rapidly progressive dementia


Dialysis dementia is a rare syndrome that was first described by Alfrey et al. in 1972. This disease is an entity nowadays, however, in Europe, between 1976 and 1977; the prevalence of dialysis dementia was 600 per 100,000 dialysis patients, although there was a wide variation between centers. The clinical picture is characterized by an insidious onset of altered behaviour, dementia, speech disturbance, myoclonus, tremor, asterixis, and convulsions. In this manuscript, an interesting case of dialysis dementia and review topic is presented.

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